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Impact of Climate Change on Children

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Social Justice/ Indian Society


Source: DTE

 Context: A recent study has highlighted how climate change contributes to violence against children.


How climate change contributes to violence against children?

Hazards and Disaster RiskNatural disasters create stressful environments, leading to higher risks of violence against children in relief shelters or at home. In post-disaster situations, children might be forced into labour for recovery efforts.
GenderClimate change can exacerbate child marriage in certain regions due to drought-induced economic pressures, affecting girls disproportionately.
Mobility and ImmobilityClimate migrants face increased risks of violence, and separation from families or caregivers makes children vulnerable. Immobility, as in slum areas, can lead to child abuse and violence.
Child LaborNatural disasters and climate-change-related industries (agriculture, mining, etc.) contribute to child labour, which can expose children to exploitation and violence.
HealthClimate-related mental health issues can lead to increased perpetration of violence against children, as eco-anxiety and fear of consequences contribute to domestic violence.


As temperatures rise, infants will bear the greatest burden of malnutrition and rising food prices.


Children will suffer most from the rise in infectious diseases.


Addressing violence against children due to climate change requires a multi-faceted approach:

  • Integrated Policies: Develop context-specific policies that recognize the link between climate change and violence against children.
  • Early Warning Systems: Establish early warning systems for climate-related disasters that specifically consider children’s vulnerabilities.
  • Psychosocial Support: Offer counselling, play therapy, and mental health services to help children cope with anxiety and stress.
  • Gender-Sensitive Interventions: Focus on preventing child marriage, human trafficking, and gender-based violence exacerbated by climate change.
  • Climate-Resilient Education: Integrate climate change awareness and preparedness into school curricula to empower children with knowledge and skills to face climate-related challenges.
  • Child-Centred Disaster Plans: Develop and implement disaster preparedness plans that specifically address the needs and vulnerabilities of children during extreme weather events.
  • Child-Centred Shelters: Design and set up shelters that prioritize the safety and well-being of children during emergencies.


Also, refer to our previous article on the Impact of Climate change on Social issues


Insta Links:

Still a nightmare for domestic violence survivors


Mains Links:

 Analyse the growing impacts of climate change on Indian Society. (10M)