Facts for Prelims (FFP)
Context: UDAN, aimed at improving air connectivity for smaller cities, is facing turbulence as 225 out of 479 RCS routes have ceased operations.
Issues with the UDAN Scheme:
|Route Closures||225 out of 479 RCS routes have ceased operations.|
|Examples: 128 routes shut down before completing the mandatory three-year period, and 97 routes shut down after completing the three-year period.|
|Commercial Unviability||Airlines found 70 routes to be commercially unviable despite the subsidy. SpiceJet operates only 20 out of 74 routes awarded to it under the scheme.|
|Airport Readiness||Airlines cite a lack of readiness in some airports as a reason for not operating certain routes. Examples: Thanjavur, Moradabad, Saharanpur, and Ayodhya airports were not ready for operations.|
|Non-compliance by Airlines||Some routes were cancelled due to non-compliance by
the airline operators. Example: Air Deccan and Air Odisha shut down leading to route cancellations.
|Financial Challenges||Airlines struggling to establish markets due to low
passenger demand. Example: SpiceJet’s attempt to establish markets
on certain routes faced low passenger demand.
|Inadequate Airport Infrastructure||The lack of proper infrastructure at certain airports
hindered operations. Example: Airports like Thanjavur, Moradabad,
Saharanpur and Ayodhya were not ready for operations.