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No Confidence Motion


Source: IE

 Context: The current No-Confidence Motion (NCM) against the Indian government was brought by the opposition to demand a statement from Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the situation in Manipur. However, given the government’s significant majority in the Lok Sabha, the motion is unlikely to succeed.


About NCMDescription
What is NCM?A No Confidence Motion is a parliamentary procedure used to test the government’s support and majority in the legislature. In India, it is introduced in the Lok Sabha, and if accepted, it leads to a discussion on the government’s performance. If the motion is passed, the government must resign from office.
Floor TestThe government can retain power by demonstrating its strength through a floor test.
Principle of Collective ResponsibilityAccording to Article 75 of the Constitution (and Article 164 for states), the council of ministers is collectively responsible to Lok Sabha. The ministry remains in office as long as the majority of Lok Sabha members trust it. Lok Sabha Rule 198 specifies the procedure for a motion of no-confidence.
Procedure for Moving MotionThe member must submit a written notice before 10 AM, supported by at least 50 members. The Speaker sets a date for discussion within 10 days.
Examples27 no-confidence motions have been introduced in Lok Sabha since independence.
Difference from Censure MotionThe no-confidence motion seeks to ascertain the confidence of the Lok Sabha in the Council of Ministers, while a censure motion censures specific policies and actions of the Council of Ministers.


If a no-confidence motion is passed, the council of ministers must resign, while a censure motion does not require resignation.

SignificanceThe no-confidence motion is a crucial legislative tool used to hold the government accountable, although it is rare for the opposition to defeat the ruling party with greater numbers.