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FAO Strategy on Climate Change 2022–2031

 

 GS Paper 3

 Syllabus: Environment and Conservation

 

Source: FAO

 Context: At a time when the world is reeling under challenges like hunger, COVID-19, ecosystem degradation and inequalities, the presentation of the FAO Strategy on Climate Change 2022-2031 is timely.

 

How?

The Strategy rests on the vision of climate-resilient agriculture to transform agri-food systems to be more efficient, inclusive, resilient and sustainable.

 

Why?

Sustainable and resilient agrifood systems provide a variety of solutions that respond to climate crisis challenges and contribute to restoring degraded natural and managed ecosystems.

 

FAO Strategy on Climate Change 2022-2031:

  • Endorsed by the FAO Council, this Strategy is a response to the worldwide challenge of tackling the impacts of the climate crisis.
  • It aims to address a broad range of interlinked challenges, including –
    • biodiversity loss,
    • desertification,
    • land and environmental degradation,
    • the need for accessible, affordable renewable energy, and
    • food and water security.

 

Implications: It will help countries implement their country-driven commitments and plans, including –

  • Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and
  • National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

 

Conclusion: The new Strategy looks beyond only food production by considering crops and livestock, forests, fisheries and aquaculture in a holistic manner, as well as embracing the indispensable role of women, youth and Indigenous Peoples, as essential agents of change.

Related news: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)

Source: DTE

 

Context: The 19th regular session of the CGRFA was concluded recently at the FAO headquarters in Rome, Italy.

 

CGRFA of FAO: The commission is a scientific and technical intergovernmental body that provides policy guidance towards the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and genetic resources specifically geared towards food and agriculture.

 

Outcome/ achievement CGRFA-19: The establishment of a technical working group on genetic resources of microorganisms and pollinators was one of the biggest achievements of the meeting.

 

Significance:

●       Microorganisms (help in bioremediation and nutrient cycling in the soil) and pollinators (help in natural pest control and pollination of agricultural crops) are essential for food security.

●       However, they have been largely neglected by the commission.

 

Insta Links:

Climate change and agriculture

  

Mains Links:

What measures should India take to weather-proof its food security in the face of climate change?