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The Rajasthan Minimum Guaranteed Income Bill 2023

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections


Source: IE

Context: The Rajasthan Minimum Guaranteed Income Bill 2023 has been recently tabled by the Rajasthan government.


About the Bill: 

Objective: In order to provide individuals or households with a minimal additional guaranteed income in the form of a guaranteed wage/pension, the bill would establish entitlement-based social security.


Salient provisions:

  • Minimum guaranteed income:
    • Each adult citizen of the state has been guaranteed a minimum income for 125 days a year.
    • This will be provided through two schemes,
      • In the urban areas through the Rajasthan government’s flagship Indira Gandhi Shahri Rozgar Guarantee Yojana.
      • In the rural areas through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).
    • Guaranteed employment:
      • The minimum wages should be paid weekly or in any case not later than a fortnight to ensure the right to employment.
      • The Program Officers (BDO in rural and an Executive Officer of the local body in urban areas) shall ensure that the work site is within a radius of 5 Km of where the job card is registered.
      • The applicant is entitled to an unemployment allowance if the program officer fails to offer work within 15 days of receiving the application.
    • Guaranteed social security pension: The government will provide eligible categories (aged, disabled, widows, and single women) with a minimum pension of Rs 1,000, which will be increased at the rate of 15% each year.


Significance of the Bill:

  • The Bill contains many firsts in the country. For example, guaranteeing minimum employment and pensions by law distinguishes it from cash transfer schemes.
  • The Bill is part of a bouquet of schemes and measures undertaken by the Rajasthan government to combat inflation with an eye on the polls later this year.


Challenges towards implementation:

  • Identification of eligible beneficiaries with minimum inclusion and exclusion errors.
  • Financial burden, as the government anticipates an additional expenditure of Rs 2,500 crore per year, which may increase with time.



  • The true measure of any society can be found in how it treats its most vulnerable members (Gandhiji).
  • It is therefore a moral responsibility of every government to ensure the welfare of vulnerable/ disadvantaged people.


Insta Links:

Universal basic income


Mains Links 

The Universal Basic Income, the implementation of which has repeatedly been debated in India, seeks to alleviate poverty. Critically discuss the possibility of UBI in India. (15M)