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GSI survey of the Siachen

 

Source: TH

Context: The first Geological Survey of India (GSI) expedition to the Siachen glacier took place in June 1958, led by V. K. Raina, an Indian geologist.

 

Significance: This survey is of historical and geostrategic significance as it disproves the notion that Pakistan had control over the glacier since its inception.

 

Description of Siachen Glacier
AboutThe Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. Nubra Valley acts as the gateway to strategically important Siachen Glacier and Karakoram Pass.

 

Unique features·        It is the world’s highest battlefield.

·        Second longest non-polar glacier in the world after Fedchenko Glacier in Tajikistan

·        World’s highest helipad and telephone booth was built by India

Geopolitical SignificanceThe Siachen has been an important bone of contention between India and Pakistan since 1984 when the Indian Army launched Operation Meghdoot to take control of the entire Siachen glacier.
Water SourceMelting waters feed the Nubra River in the Indian region of Ladakh, which drains into the Shyok River. Shyok River, fed by the Nubra River, eventually joins the Indus River