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Child Trafficking


Source: IOM

 Context: A new report by International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Harvard University reveals that over half of child trafficking victims worldwide are trafficked within their own country.


What is Child Trafficking?

Child trafficking refers to the illegal recruitment, transportation, and exploitation of children for various purposes, such as forced labour, sexual exploitation, and child marriage.

  • It is a grave violation of human rights and poses a significant threat to the well-being and development of children.


The report, based on extensive data collected by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), highlights that


Key findings:

  • Child victims come from diverse backgrounds and age groups.
  • Forced labour is the most prevalent form of trafficking, affecting mainly boys, while sexual exploitation disproportionately affects girls.
  • Involvement of recruiters, often close to the victims, and the use of false promises, abuse, and threats to control them.



  • It recommends special cooperative measures to address trafficking in the context of climate change, environmental degradation, and disaster risk reduction.
  • Empowering affected communities to develop strategies to combat human trafficking is advised.


Constitutional Provision:

Right against exploitationArticle 23 prohibits trafficking in human beings and forced labour. It guarantees the right of every person, including children, to be free from such exploitation.
Right to protectionArticle 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 in hazardous occupations. It aims to safeguard children from physical, mental, and social abuse.
Right to educationArticle 21A guarantees the right to free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 14. This provision helps prevent child trafficking by ensuring access to education and promoting child welfare.
Directive Principles of State PolicyArticle 39 instructs the State to ensure that children are protected from exploitation and moral and material abandonment. It emphasizes the importance of providing opportunities for healthy development and protection of childhood.