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Western-educated Indians began to question the legitimacy of British rule and were inspired by concepts like democracy, nationalism, and self-governance, which fuelled the growth of Indian nationalism. Examine.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1.  Western-educated Indians began to question the legitimacy of British rule and were inspired by concepts like democracy, nationalism, and self-governance, which fuelled the growth of Indian nationalism. Examine. (250)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Key Demand of the question: To write about nationalism, factors for its rise and different views regarding it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining nationalism.

Body:

First, write about the various factors that led to rise of nationalism in India – the Despotic nature of the rule, the racial discrimination, indiscriminate taxation, ruining of Industries, Introduction of modern education, the influx of ideas of liberalism and constitutionalism, the rise of an educated middle class, the impact of the press, the impact of socio-religious reform movements etc.

Next, write about the role of Western-educated Indians in the rise of Indian nationalism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating a balanced opinion.