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Given the rapidly evolving nature of online recruitment, intelligence and counter-terrorism agencies must remain flexible and adaptive. They should continuously review and update their strategies, leverage emerging technologies, and stay abreast of the latest trends in online radicalization. Analyse.

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5. Given the rapidly evolving nature of online recruitment, intelligence and counter-terrorism agencies must remain flexible and adaptive. They should continuously review and update their strategies, leverage emerging technologies, and stay abreast of the latest trends in online radicalization. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

India is an extremely responsible power but when the need for a hot pursuit against terrorist havens was felt, we have gone all out to destroy terrorism in our national interest, says National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats posed by the convergence of technology and terrorism and steps that should be taken to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning that terrorist organizations have co-opted technology as a force multiplier in achieving their objectives.

Body:

First, mention about the features of the internet, like end-to-end encryption and virtual private network (VPN), provision of digital currency etc have made it easier than ever for terrorist organizations to find recruits and manage outreach and organization and also launder money for terror financing. Give few instances of terrorist groups using technology to advance their terror activities.

Next, suggest that states to opt for more technology, better technology and skilful deployment of technology against malign actors, need for international co operation and new forums to address the threat of terrorism without borders, need for investments in capacity building, tech firms vigilantism etc all this while maintaining freedom in cyberspace.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.