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Sangam-age stud, bead unearthed in Tamil Nadu

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: TH

 Context: Archaeologists conducting excavations at Porpanaikottai in Tamil Nadu, India, have discovered several artefacts, including a gold stud, a bone point, and a carnelian bead.

  • These findings provide insights into the culture and trade during the Sangam Age, a period in ancient Tamil history.


Key findings:

  • The carnelian bead, a round-shaped red stone, was also discovered at the site. Similar beads have been found in other parts of Tamil Nadu, indicating a system of domestic trade. Carnelian stones were commonly sourced from Gujarat.
  • In addition to these artefacts, the excavation has revealed a three-course brick structure and over 150 other antiquities, such as potsherds, glass bangles, beads, a terracotta lamp, a coin, a spindle whorl, and rubbing stones.

Overall, these discoveries shed light on the material culture, trade networks, and social organization during the Sangam Age in Tamil Nadu.


About Sangam Age:

Sangam Age refers to the period of the history of ancient Tamil Nadu, Kerala spanning from the 6th century BCE to c. 3rd century CE.