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Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technology holds significant potential in mitigating emissions from fossil fuels. CCUS involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants and industrial facilities, utilizing the captured CO2 for various purposes, and storing it underground to prevent its release into the atmosphere. Analyse.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technology holds significant potential in mitigating emissions from fossil fuels. CCUS involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants and industrial facilities, utilizing the captured CO2 for various purposes, and storing it underground to prevent its release into the atmosphere. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Experts say carbon capture and storage — a way to grab a planet-heating gas and lock it underground — is sorely needed to cut pollution in sectors where other clean technologies are farther behind.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about carbon capture utilisation technologies and their significance in mitigating emissions.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain the concept of carbon capture utilisation technologies.

Body:

Explain the coming of carbon capture utilisation technologies; Carbon Capture and Storage, is a technology which captures carbon dioxide (CO2) from the burning of coal and gas for power generation, and from the manufacturing of steel, cement and other industrial facilities.  It involves the transportation of CO2 either by pipeline or ship, for safe and permanent underground storage. Thus, it helps in preventing it from entering the atmosphere and contributing to anthropogenic climate change.

Next, write about the limitations of CCUS technologies.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a forward and efforts needed to explore this technology.