Geminid meteors

  Source: Hindustan Times  Context: Researchers demystify the unusual origin of the Geminids meteor shower. NASA’s Parker Solar Probe mission is providing new evidence that a violent, catastrophic event created the Geminids. Findings: While most meteor showers originate from comets, the Geminids are believed to come from an asteroid called 3200 Phaethon. Unlike comets, asteroids like Phaethon …

Y chromosome

Facts For Prelims Source: TH    Context: Researchers have discovered that the Y chromosome possesses genes linked to ageing and lifespan regulation. The Y chromosome, known as the “master of maleness,” determines the biological male sex and carries genes that play a role in sex determination.   Findings: Recent research has revealed that the Y …

Synthetic Hydrocarbon Fuel

  Source: BS  Context: Germany has proposed transitioning to carbon-neutral synthetic fuels for existing internal combustion vehicles instead of phasing them out completely.   Reasons for such a proposal: Even though electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cells have zero-emission during usage, their manufacturing processes have significant environmental impacts. Approximately 90% of the world’s vehicles are …

Groundwater Extraction Alters Earth’s Rotation

  Source: TH Context: A recent study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters reveals that extensive groundwater extraction by humans has had a significant effect on Earth’s rotation. Findings: Between 1993 and 2010, the excessive pumping of groundwater caused the planet’s rotational pole to shift eastward by approximately 80 centimetres. The research indicates that …

Gita Press awarded Gandhi Peace Prize for 2021

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: TH Context: Gita Press, Gorakhpur, a prominent publisher of religious texts, has been awarded the Gandhi Peace Prize for 2021.   Reason: The award recognises the publishing house’s significant contribution to social, economic, and political transformation through non-violent and Gandhian methods.   About Gita Press  Gita Press is the world’s largest …

Kamala Sohonie

  Source: IE Kamala Sohonie was the first Indian woman to earn a PhD in a scientific discipline. She faced gender bias within the scientific community, including opposition from CV Raman, a Nobel laureate. Despite Raman’s initial rejection, Sohonie confronted him and eventually gained admission to the Indian Institute of Science. She completed her course …

Reforming WTO

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Important International Institutions, agencies and fora – their Structure, Mandate   Source: IE  Context: The recently concluded G20 working group meeting on trade and investment focused on the important issue of WTO reform.   World Trade Organization (WTO): It is a member-driven, consensus-based intergovernmental organisation that regulates and facilitates international trade …

Punchhi Commission Recommendations and Potential Solutions for Manipur Crisis

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Polity – Centre-State Relations   Source: IE  Context: The recent crisis in Manipur has sparked renewed interest in the Punchhi Commission Recommendations, which offer potential solutions for effectively managing such situations.    About Punchhi Commission: The government constituted the Second Commission on Interstate Relations under the chairmanship of Justice (retired) Madan …

[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 June 2023

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers. How to Follow Secure Initiative? How to Self-evaluate your answer?  MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday General Studies – 1   Topic: Social empowerment 1. In India, transgender individuals face a range of challenges and issues …

Governments can operate in ways that make the majority happy while ignoring the needs and rights of the minority according to the philosophy of utilitarianism. Do you agree with this view? Debate.

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; 7. Governments can operate in ways that make the majority happy while ignoring the needs and rights of the minority according to the philosophy of utilitarianism. Do you agree with this view? Debate. (150 words) Difficulty Level: Tough Reference: plato.stanford.edu Why the question: The …

Which moral philosophers’ teachings do you relate to the most? Why?

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators 6. Which moral philosophers’ teachings do you relate to the most? Why? (150 words) Difficulty level: Tough Reference:  plato.stanford.edu Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4. Key Demand of …

Analyse the multifaceted threats posed by bots in today’s digital landscape and discuss comprehensive strategies to counter their detrimental impact.

Topic: basics of cyber security 5.  Analyse the multifaceted threats posed by bots in today’s digital landscape and discuss comprehensive strategies to counter their detrimental impact. (250 words) Difficulty level: Moderate Reference: The Hindu Why the question: Bots on Telegram are small applications that run entirely within the platform and can be designed to support …

One of the most troublesome governance issues is that of frequent transfers of civil servants. Do you think a fixed tenure for civil servants is the way forward to ensure continuity in administration leading to good governance?

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy. 4. One of the most troublesome governance issues is that of frequent transfers of civil servants. Do you think a fixed tenure for civil servants is the way forward to ensure continuity in administration leading to good governance?  (250 words) Difficulty level: Moderate Reference: Insights on India …

The civil service is the engine room of modern government as they play a crucial part in making policies that reflect the needs of the public. Discuss.

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy. 3. The civil service is the engine room of modern government as they play a crucial part in making policies that reflect the needs of the public. Discuss. (250 words) Difficulty level: Easy Reference: Insights on India Why the question: The question is part of the static …

India is indeed a land of great cultural and civilizational legacy, with a history that stretches back thousands of years. India’s diversity is a source of strength, cultural richness, and vibrancy. However, it also presents complex challenges that need to be addressed for a more inclusive and harmonious society. Analyse.

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. 2. India is indeed a land of great cultural and civilizational legacy, with a history that stretches back thousands of years. India’s diversity is a source of strength, cultural richness, and vibrancy. However, it also presents complex challenges that need to be addressed for a more …