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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 June 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Social empowerment

1. In India, transgender individuals face a range of challenges and issues due to societal stigma, discrimination, and lack of legal recognition. While these legal measures represent significant progress, their effective implementation and continued efforts to address the underlying issues are crucial to ensuring the rights and well-being of transgender individuals in India. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the challenges faced by the transgender community in India and proposes solutions for their inclusion.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the problems associated with transgender persons in India and the legal measure available to tackle these issues.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, in detail, write about the problems faced by transgender – Identity crisis, discrimination, Social Problems, unemployment etc.

Next, write about the rights are given to transgender under Indian law, talk about the Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2016, talk about the National Council for Transgender Persons etc.

Next, write about the further measures that are required.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2. India is indeed a land of great cultural and civilizational legacy, with a history that stretches back thousands of years. India’s diversity is a source of strength, cultural richness, and vibrancy. However, it also presents complex challenges that need to be addressed for a more inclusive and harmonious society. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article discusses India’s civilizational legacy and its potential for realizing its ideals and destiny.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about diversity in India and challenges associated with it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning how India is a culturally diverse since time immemorial.

Body:

In the first, in detail write about the various aspects of diversity – linguistic, religious, ethnic, racial, caste etc. Write how these have shaped India.

Next, write about the various types of challenges associate with diversity in India and cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the ways to counter these challenges and uphold pluralism in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

3. The civil service is the engine room of modern government as they play a crucial part in making policies that reflect the needs of the public. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the roles played by civil services in the modern government and its role in making policies which are public centric.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning the role of civil services in the modern day.

Body:

First, in detail, write about the roles performed by the civil services which makes it the engine room of modern government – basis of government, policy making & implementation, services to people, continuity in administration etc.

Next, write about the role of civil services in people centric policies. Substantiate with examples.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

4. One of the most troublesome governance issues is that of frequent transfers of civil servants. Do you think a fixed tenure for civil servants is the way forward to ensure continuity in administration leading to good governance?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India ,Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issue of frequent transfers of civil servants and if fixed tenure can lead to good governance.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the drawbacks and impact associated with the frequent transfer of civil servants.

Next, write about the advantages of having a fixed tenure of the civil servants in a particular posting – continuity, impartial decision making, insulation from pressure, increased efficiency etc.

Next, write about the disadvantages of having a fixed tenure of the civil servants – complacency, shrinking accountability etc.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by starting your opinion on the above issue and way forward to achieve continuity.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: basics of cyber security

5.  Analyse the multifaceted threats posed by bots in today’s digital landscape and discuss comprehensive strategies to counter their detrimental impact. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Bots on Telegram are small applications that run entirely within the platform and can be designed to support any kind of task or service. However, not all of them are secure and safe. They may collect user data, including personal information and chat history.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats posed by bots and measures to counter them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain the concept of bots and their prevalence in the digital landscape.

Body:

First, write about the diverse range of threats posed by bots across various sectors – Disinformation and propaganda, Bots used to disseminate fake news and manipulate public opinion and Impact on political processes, social cohesion, and trust in information sources.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to counter the above.

 Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

6. Which moral philosophers’ teachings do you relate to the most? Why? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference:  plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the about the moral philosophers teaching you relate to the most.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In the introduction, given brief of moral philosopher you relate to the most.

Body:

First, give a brief of major tenets of his/her moral philosophy.

Next, write about as to why you resonate the with philosophy of the aforementioned philosopher. Ethically reason and justify using examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

7. Governments can operate in ways that make the majority happy while ignoring the needs and rights of the minority according to the philosophy of utilitarianism. Do you agree with this view? Debate. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Tough

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the relation between needs of majority and utilitarian ethics.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing utilitarianism.

Body:

First, write about the limitations of utilitarianism which paves the way for governments to function in ways that bring happiness to a majority but ignore the wishes and rights of a minority. Substantiate with examples.

Next, counter the above as to how utilitarianism is not just about majority or minority but about maximum good for maximum people. Cite examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer by giving a balanced opinion.


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