Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Government preparedness is essential in mitigating the impact of devastating cyclones. Preparedness can significantly reduce the loss of lives and properties, minimize disruptions, and facilitate the recovery process after cyclones. Analyse.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

6. Government preparedness is essential in mitigating the impact of devastating cyclones. Preparedness can significantly reduce the loss of lives and properties, minimize disruptions, and facilitate the recovery process after cyclones. Analyse. (250 words) 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Strong winds and heavy rains pound Gujarat’s coastal belt as cyclone Biparjoy made a landfall near Jakhau Port in Gujarat’s Kutch district after churning across the Arabian Sea for over 10 days,

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of government preparedness in cyclone mitigation.

Directive word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by providing context and the increasing frequency of cyclones in India.

Body:

In first part, bring out the economic costs and human costs as a result of devastation caused by the severe cyclones.

Next, write about the role of government preparedness – installing a disaster warning system in the coastal districts, and construction of evacuation shelters in cyclone-prone districts etc.

Next, mention long term measures – Embankments that are resilient to storm surges, improved prevention of flooding from swollen rivers and coastal mangrove habitats regeneration etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward as the how the above will help mitigate the impact of devastating cyclones.