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Sansad TV: Perspective- AI in Education

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Introduction:

Technology has always played an important role in education but its current use is more prevalent than ever thanks to the increased availability of smart devices and web-based curriculum. A new dimension has been added with advances in the field of Artificial Intelligence. The National Education Policy of 2020 (NEP 2020) recognized the immense potential of AI and recommended its integration into the education system. To increase technology integration in schools, the CBSE in October last year introduced Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT) in the school curriculum from classes VI to X. AI has the potential to transform education by making it more efficient, effective, and accessible to students worldwide. However experts say it is crucial to ensure that the use of AI in education is ethical and responsible, and that it complements the work of human teachers rather than replacing them.

 Impact of artificial intelligence on education in India :-

  • Nowadays people are living in a time where changes are perpetual, hence it is difficult to keep close track of current trends and redesign education at every step of the way.This is precisely where AI can work wonders.
  • AI can track data and make conclusive deductions that overcomes the limitations of situated learning.
  • AI can reduce wastage of time and resources at the grading stage because it allows each student to know how they are performing in real-time from both the lens of proficiency level and expertise. This critical information can motivate students to try harder throughout.
  • AI prevents us from designing a templated single-course, and instead allows adjustments as each user progresses through their learning cycle by keeping track of what is working and what is not.
  • AI can make excellent recommendations after evaluating content at multiple check-points and also redirect students to free learning resources.
  • AI can enable the educators to frame auto-upgradable industry-academia curriculum and research-academia curriculum for better learning and training of students across the nation.
  • AI assists interact with students and predict their learning speed through past behaviour. They then adjust course speed and presentation at a pace that is optimal for each learner.

Government steps in this regard:

  • NEP 2020 emphasises using digital tools ( including AI) in education for meeting the skill-based demands of Industry 4.0.
  • CBSE has AI as an elective subjectfor its ninth-grade classes.
  • National Program on AI
  • AIRAWAT (Artificial Intelligence Research, Analytics and Knowledge Assimilation Platform)
  • National Strategy for AI

Lack of R&D on AI in India:

  • Both the government and companies are largely focused on AI applications, not research and development (R&D).
  • And even in applications, much of the work is at the mid and lower ends of the spectrum.
  • India is not in the top 10 nations when it comes to AI research.
  • According to experts, currently, the race is really between the US, China and the EU, with the US in a slender lead. India has not even entered the race yet.
  • We are in danger of being on the wrong side of the techno-colonialism, just as we did in the last three general purpose technology (GPT) revolutions that divided the countries around the world into the haves and the have-nots.
  • Techno-colonialism describes the situation where the country or countries that control a technology exploit other, poorer countries that depend on access to that technology.
  • In the US, the close collaboration between academia and corporations has ensured enough money for research which would pay off decades into the future.
  • The US government’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency also got into AI research early.
  • China started much later but has invested big money to play catch-up.
  • In India, neither the government nor the industry has focused much on research compared to US and China.
  • In India we need to formulate a long-term plan just as we do for other infrastructure plans.
  • It will mean squeezing expenditure elsewhere to find money for R&D and also giving incentives to attract research talent and getting the biggest corporations involved.
  • For this the government must take a long-term view.
  • Unless we start now, we will forever remain a dependent rather than a leader in the technology stakes.

Way Forward:

  • Consider teaching Ethics of AI
  • ChatGPT/similar solutions are proficient at automating routine and repetitive tasks (data entry, customer service) which could perhaps replace low-skill level workers.
  • Correct Algorithmic biases and discrimination in AI
  • Involve the private sector and PPP in developing AI-based products.
  • Use AI for equality, equity, inclusion and improved learning outcomes
  • Use AI for the inclusion of linguistic diversity
  • It remains our collective responsibility to ensure trust in how AI is used. Algorithm transparency is key to establishing this trust.
  • We must protect the world against weaponisation of AI by non-state actors.
  • Riding on data and AI, India can achieve the bold vision of becoming a US$5 trillion economy by 2025.
  • To achieve this, AI needs to be extensively utilized in all sectors ranging from agriculture, MSMEs, financial services, healthcare to energy and logistics to create a vibrant AI economy.