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Kerala Fibre Optic Network (KFON)


Source: TH 

Context: The Kerala Fibre Optic Network (KFON) is completing its 1st phase.


About Kerala Fibre Optic Network (KFON):

Kerala Fibre Optic Network (KFON) is a project initiated by the Kerala government to provide free Internet connections to 20 lakh below-poverty-line families and connect 30,000 government institutions in Kerala.
ObjectiveBridge the digital divide and ensure universal Internet access
Implementation KFON network is being set up by the Kerala government in collaboration with the Kerala State Electricity Board and the Kerala State Information Technology Infrastructure Ltd.
PlanEach household will receive 1.5 GB of data per day at 15 Mbps speed.
MonetizationWhile the Internet connections for BPL families and government institutions are provided for free, the rest of the network will be monetized, by leasing out a portion of the network for commercial purposes.
ControversiesAllegations of corruption and mismanagement, including inflated tender amounts and project delays
SignificanceKFON project has the potential to bring about positive changes in access, bridge the digital divide, and transform Kerala into Gigabit Economy and opportunities at the grassroots level in Kerala.
Kerala’s milestonesKerala has been declared India’s first fully e-governed state, implementing the e-office system and digital literacy campaigns; In 2019, Kerala announced that Internet connection would be a basic right in the State, becoming the first State in the country to do so
United NationIn 2016, United Nation passed a resolution recognising Internet access as a basic human right.