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‘Indian Opinion’ newspaper

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH

 Context: An exhibition was launched at the Phoenix Settlement to commemorate the 120th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s ‘Indian Opinion’ newspaper.


About the Newspaper:

The ‘Indian Opinion’ newspaper was started by Mahatma Gandhi (in 1903) during his time in South Africa as a young lawyer. It served as a mass communication mechanism for the Natal Indian Congress, fighting against oppressive laws of the government at the time. The newspaper was published in Gujarati, Hindi, Tamil and English. The ‘Indian Opinion’ continued to be published by Gandhi’s son and wife after his return to India until its final edition in 1962 (banned due to censorship laws and the banning of political organizations by the apartheid government in South Africa)


About Phoenix Settlement

It was established by Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa (in 1904). It served as a communal living experiment and a centre for his Satyagraha (nonviolent resistance) movement. The settlement aimed to promote self-sufficiency, equality, and education among the residents.


Other notable publications by Gandhi: 

Harijan (a weekly newspaper); Young India (a weekly journal); Navajivan (a Gujarati weekly newspaper); The Story of My Experiments with Truth (Gandhi’s autobiography); Satyagraha in South Africa (a book that chronicles Gandhi’s experiences and experiments with nonviolent resistance); Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule (a book that explores Gandhi’s vision for India’s independence and self-governance)