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ICC warrant against Russia’s Putin

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH 

Context: South Africa is considering its legal options regarding a war crimes arrest warrant issued by the International Criminal Court (ICC) against Russian President Vladimir Putin.

  • As a member of the ICC, South Africa would be obligated to arrest Putin if he attended a summit of the BRICS countries in Johannesburg.


Why did the International Criminal Court issue the warrants?

The court says Putin bears individual criminal responsibility for the abduction and deportation of Ukrainian children since Russia’s full-scale invasion.


About International Criminal Court:

Dimension Description
Creation Established under the 1998 Rome Statute as a permanent international criminal court; HQ: The Hague, the Netherlands.
Members 123 countries party to the Rome Statute
Purpose Investigates and tries individuals charged with war crimes, genocide, crime of aggression and crimes against humanity
Jurisdiction Covers crimes committed on or after July 1, 2002
Structure Four main organs: Assembly of States Parties, Presidency, Judicial Divisions, and Registry
Languages Official languages: English, French, Arabic, Chinese, Russian, and Spanish
Limitations No police force or enforcement body; depends on state cooperation
Controversies Accused of bias and Western imperialism; faced sanctions from the USA
Relationship with UN Not part of the United Nations system, but has a cooperation agreement with the UN
Relationship with ICJ Separate from the International Court of Justice (ICJ)
India’s Membership Status India is not a party to the Rome Statute and is not a member of the ICC (along with China and USA); the USA signed the statute but never ratified it.
Reasons for Non-Membership of India State sovereignty, national interests, difficulties in evidence collection and impartiality