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Facts For Prelims:


Source: DTE

 Context: Studies have shown that arid plant babool has many benefits.

BaboolName: babool or gum Arabic (Acacia nilotica)

 About Babul

 It is a perennial, evergreen tree which is indigenous to Indian Sub-continent as well as in Tropical Africa, Burma, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and West and East Sudan. It occurs in tropical and subtropical regions of India.

Nutritional Value of SeedsProtein, fibre, fat, carbohydrates, Potassium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Iron, Manganese
Antibacterial Activity of PodsEffective against gram-positive bacteria like Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus
Natural Food PreservativePod extracts can replace synthetic food preservatives and inhibit microbial spoilage
Environment-Friendly Pest ControlBabool seed oil can be an alternative to chemicals for controlling major farm pests
Medicinal PropertiesYoung leaves improve digestion; Woody stems keep teeth clean and gums healthy; Bark treats burns, skin diseases, and infected wounds; The resin helps with various health issues
Animal FeedLeaves and pods are used as feed for animals, providing comparable nutrition to cottonseed meal
Nitrogen-Fixing and ReclamationBabool helps in the reclamation of degraded areas by fixing nitrogen and acting as a windbreak
Biodiversity and Climate ResiliencePlanting babool trees benefits biodiversity and helps combat desertification

Tags: GS3, Environment, Species, babool