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The bottom relief features of the Indian Ocean showcase a rich and dynamic geological landscape. They not only contribute to the ocean’s ecological diversity but also hold potential for scientific research, resource extraction, and further exploration of this vast and captivating marine realm. Discuss.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. The bottom relief features of the Indian Ocean showcase a rich and dynamic geological landscape. They not only contribute to the ocean’s ecological diversity but also hold potential for scientific research, resource extraction, and further exploration of this vast and captivating marine realm. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the resources present in continental shelves and reasons for it as well as to trace the bottom relief of India ocean.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by briefly mentioning about relief of the ocean floor and its divisions. 

Body:

First, mention certain figures/stats regarding the economic resources of continental shelves with examples.

Next, discuss in detail the reasons for high productivity of the continental shelves like high nutrient loads, vertical stability and shallowness etc. 

Next, trace the bottom relief features of India ocean.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the overall economic importance of continental shelves.