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Link death and birth register

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH

 Context: A Bill to link birth and death register with electoral rolls will be introduced in the Parliament.

 

Need:

  • If the birth and death certificate data are preserved in a special way, development works can be planned properly.
  • Interlinking of various schemes

 

For Example:

As soon as a person turns 18, the Election Commission will intimate him and make his voter card.

In case of someone’s death, the Census registrar will send a notice to the family that they have received information about the person’s death and the family has 15 days to object, following which the Election Commission will remove his name from the voter list.

 

Unique features in the Bill:

‘Geofencing of blocks’ to be covered under the Sample Registration System (SRS) is being done so that the enumerator cannot fudge the data and responsibility is fixed.

  • Geofencing refers to the creation of virtual boundaries or perimeters around specific geographical areas.

 

About Birth rate:

It refers to the number of births per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period, typically measured per year. It is an indicator of the fertility level within a population. 

About the Death rate:

Also known as mortality rate, it refers to the number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in a population over a specific period, usually measured per year. It represents the mortality or death occurrence within a population.

  

About Census:

Definition of Population CensusThe total process of collecting, compiling, analyzing and disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specific time, to all persons in a country or a well-defined part of a country.
Nodal MinistryOffice of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs.
Legal/Constitutional Backingunder the provisions of the Census Act, 1948; The population census is a Union subject under Article 246 of the India Constitution; 69th in the seventh schedule of the constitution
The decennial Census that was to be completed in 2021 has been indefinitely postponed, initially due to COVID-19 pandemic.