Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government;
3. Article 32 is an essential tool for the protection of fundamental rights in India. They enable citizens to seek remedies when their fundamental rights are violated, and they provide a means for the judiciary to ensure the rule of law and uphold constitutional principles. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the role of SC in safeguarding fundamental rights under article 32.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by giving a brief about article 32.
First, in detail, about the role of the SC as the “guarantor” and “defender” of the fundamental rights.
Next, write in detail about the various types of writs and the purposes behind it. Substantiate using examples and SC case to show how writs are used to protect fundamental rights.
Conclude by summarising and giving views of various scholars regarding it.