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Sunflower oil

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH

 Context: The Ukraine-Russia war had a significant impact on sunflower oil consumption in India.

 

Status of Sunflower Oil:

 Globally:

  • Ukraine (the highest producer) and Russia account for 60% of the world’s sunflower oil production
  • Other top producers of sunflower oil globally include Ukraine, Russia, Argentina, Romania, and Bulgaria

 

In India:

  • Sunflower oil is the fourth most consumed edible oil in India, following mustard, soybean, and palm oil.
  • Domestic production of sunflower oil has significantly declined over the past decade, unlike soybean oil, which has expanded its cultivated area.
  • India imports a substantial amount of sunflower oil due to limited domestic production.
  • Major producers: Karnataka (highest producer in India); Telangana and Maharashtra
  • Major Consumer: Karnataka, Telangana, and Maharashtra

 

About Sunflower: 

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), popularly known as “Surajmukhi” (it follows the sun by day) is an annual flowering plant, native to North and Central America but is now cultivated worldwide for its versatile uses. It is known for its large, bright yellow flowers.

Sunflowers are relatively easy to grow and are adaptable to different climates and soil types. They require full sun exposure and well-drained soil. They are known for their ability to extract heavy metals from the soil, making them useful in phytoremediation efforts to clean up polluted areas.