Facts for Prelims (FFP)
Context: India successfully flew its first commercial passenger flight using an indigenously produced Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) blend.
What is Sustainable Aviation Fuel?
Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) is a type of aviation fuel that is produced from renewable sources, unlike traditional fossil-based jet fuels. It is considered sustainable because it has a significantly lower carbon footprint and reduces greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional jet fuel.
Source of SAF: It can be derived from various feedstocks, such as plant oils, agricultural waste, forestry residues, and municipal solid waste.
Advantages: SAF can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 80% compared to conventional jet fuel. Also, it is designed to be a drop-in replacement for conventional jet fuel, meaning it can be used in existing aircraft engines without requiring modifications.
Significance for India: It is a significant milestone in India’s efforts towards achieving net-zero emissions by 2070. India has set a target of becoming energy self-reliant by 2047