Facts for Prelims (FFP)
Context: The Central Government of India has introduced the Minimum Import Price (MIP) for apples in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) to protect the domestic industry from unfair competition and predatory pricing.
What is MIP?
MIP is a temporary measure implemented by a government to protect domestic industries from unfair competition and predatory pricing of imported goods. The MIP sets a minimum price below which the import of a particular commodity is not allowed.
Who frames the rules:
The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) is the arm of the commerce ministry responsible for framing rules related to exports and imports, including the implementation of MIPs.
Significance: By setting a minimum import price, the government aims to prevent apple imports from flooding the market at excessively low prices, and provide a level playing field to farmers in J&K.
About Apple cultivation:
Apple cultivation in India primarily takes place in regions such as Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, the hills of Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. It is also grown to a lesser extent in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Punjab, and Sikkim. China produces the world’s largest number of apples. India is ranked 5th.
Climatic condition for Apples:
The ideal climatic conditions for apple cultivation include an average summer temperature of 21-24 degrees Celsius during the active growth period. Apple trees can be grown at altitudes ranging from 1500 to 2700 meters above sea level. Well-distributed rainfall of 1000-1250 mm throughout the growing season is most favourable for the optimal growth and fruitfulness of apple trees. Additionally, apples thrive best in well-drained, loamy soils.