Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
1. The policies implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev certainly played a significant role in the collapse of the Soviet Union. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union and role of Mikhail Gorbachev in it.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context of Gorbachev’s Glasnost and Perestroika.
First, in detail explain the polices of Glasnost and Perestroika and their impact on the Soviet Union and how they played a part in the fall of the Soviet Union.
Next, write about the other factors that were responsible for the fall of Soviet Union apart the above.
Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on the issue.