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International Organization for Migration (IOM)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: ET


Context: Amy Pope from the United States has been elected as the new Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), making her the first woman to hold this position.

Information Description
About IOM is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including refugees, internally displaced persons, and migrant workers.
Origin IOM was established in 1951 as Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) to help resettle people displaced by World War II.
Status in UN It was granted Permanent Observer status to UN General Assembly in 1992. It is part of the UN now.
Major report World Migration Report is published every year.
Work IOM works in four broad areas of migration management—Migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and Forced migration.
Members It has 175 member states. India is a member of IOM.
Significance The IOM, with predominantly American leadership, plays a significant role in addressing global migration challenges, providing assistance to migrants, and advising governments on migration-related policies.