Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
3. How is poverty still a significant obstacle in India? Analyse the diverse initiatives implemented by the government to attain Sustainable Development Goal-1, which aims to alleviate poverty. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the challenges associated with poverty and to evaluate the performance of various measures taken to alleviate poverty.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Describe the giving statistic regarding the current status of poverty in India.
First, write about the various challenges associated with eradication of poverty in India.
Next, giver context about SDG-1: zero poverty. Evaluate the pros and cons of the various poverty alleviation measures in India – Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), National Social Assistance Programme, Land Reforms, MGNREGA and various PDS initiatives etc.
Suggest measures to overcome the above the limitations of the above.
Conclude with a way forward.