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How is poverty still a significant obstacle in India? Analyse the diverse initiatives implemented by the government to attain Sustainable Development Goal-1, which aims to alleviate poverty.

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3. How is poverty still a significant obstacle in India? Analyse the diverse initiatives implemented by the government to attain Sustainable Development Goal-1, which aims to alleviate poverty. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges associated with poverty and to evaluate the performance of various measures taken to alleviate poverty.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the giving statistic regarding the current status of poverty in India.

Body:

First, write about the various challenges associated with eradication of poverty in India.

Next, giver context about SDG-1: zero poverty. Evaluate the pros and cons of the various poverty alleviation measures in India – Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), National Social Assistance Programme, Land Reforms, MGNREGA and various PDS initiatives etc.

Suggest measures to overcome the above the limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.