Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
2. Despite the implementation of numerous measures to tackle the problem of solid waste management, the challenge persists as a significant issue in urban regions. One particular concern that remains unresolved is the effective handling of wet waste at its source. Examine. Suggest remedial measures to overcome the aforementioned issue. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Indian Express , Insights on India
Why the question:
The article states that in 2022, a total of 6,300 metric tonnes of waste was collected in Mumbai, marking a 15% increase compared to the previous year. This highlights the escalating waste generation in the city and emphasizes the need for effective waste management strategies to tackle the growing problem.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the need for Solid waste management and successes and limitations of the various measures aimed towards it.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining solid waste management.
First, write about the need for solid waste management in the country.
Next, write about the various issues in the solid waste management – funds crunch, low sectoral development & lack of know-how.
Next, write about the various measures to tackle it – Solid waste management rules, Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) 2.0 etc. Write their and successes and limitations.
Conclude by writing a way forward.