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Baobab trees


Source: HT

 Context: The Madhya Pradesh government has decided that the forest department cannot grant permission for the translocation of Baobab trees in Dhar, after the protest from Bhil tribes.

  • Under the Biodiversity Act, meaning that any commercial use of the trees will require permission from the state biodiversity board.
CategoryBaobab Trees
Baobab trees are deciduous trees found in mainland Africa, Madagascar, and Australia. They have barrel-like trunks (5 to 20m in height), can live up to 2,000 years, and are known for their extraordinary longevity.

Tree of LifeBaobabs are succulent trees that store water in their trunk, allowing them to produce nutrient-dense fruit in dry seasons; it has pendulous flowers pollinated by bats and bush babies
UsesProvide food, livestock fodder, medicinal compounds, and raw materials.
ThreatSince 2005, 9 of the 13 oldest African baobab specimens and 5 of the 6 largest trees have died or suffered a collapse, possibly due to climate change.
Bhil Tribe OppositionThe Bhil tribe of Central India opposes the forest department’s decision to uproot baobab trees for commercial use.
IUCN StatusEndangered
GI TagMadhya Pradesh government has applied for a GI tag for Baobabs.