Context: The Myanmar military used a thermobaric or vacuum bomb, also known as a fuel-air explosive, in an attack on a village in Sagaing last month, killing more than 160 people, including children, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW).
|About Thermobaric Bomb|
|Two-stage Explosion||First explosion splits open the bomb’s fuel container, releasing a cloud of fuel and metal particles. Second explosion ignites the aerosol cloud, creating a giant ball of fire and sending out intense blast waves|
|Prohibition||Not prohibited by any international law or agreement|
|Possible Action||Use against civilian populations in built-up areas, schools or hospitals, could attract action under the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907|
Myanmar has been facing violence since the military overthrew the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi in February 2021 and brutally suppressed nonviolent protests.