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Thermobaric Bomb


Context: The Myanmar military used a thermobaric or vacuum bomb, also known as a fuel-air explosive, in an attack on a village in Sagaing last month, killing more than 160 people, including children, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW).

About Thermobaric Bomb

Two-stage Explosion First explosion splits open the bomb’s fuel container, releasing a cloud of fuel and metal particles. Second explosion ignites the aerosol cloud, creating a giant ball of fire and sending out intense blast waves
Prohibition Not prohibited by any international law or agreement
Possible Action Use against civilian populations in built-up areas, schools or hospitals, could attract action under the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907


Myanmar has been facing violence since the military overthrew the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi in February 2021 and brutally suppressed nonviolent protests.