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Source: TH


Context: The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared an end to the global health emergency for mpox after 10 months.

  • WHO declared mpox as a public health emergency of international concern in July 2022 to combat the spread of the disease. The WHO recently also declared an end to the public health emergency status for COVID-19.
Topic Information
What is Global Health Emergency? A global health emergency is a situation that poses a serious threat to public health on an international scale.
Examples COVID-19 pandemic, the West African Ebola outbreak, and the Zika virus outbreak.
Three Criteria for declaring 1.      The spread is an”Extraordinary Event,”

2.      It “Constitutes a Public Health Risk” to other States through the international spread of disease

3.      It “potentially requires a coordinated international response.”

About Mpox Mpox (previously known as monkeypox) is a rare disease caused by a virus.
Origins and Nature First identified in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo region


Symptoms of Monkeypox Infected people break out in a rash that looks like chickenpox. Symptoms include fever, malaise, headache, and enlarged lymph glands
Transmission of Monkeypox Primary infection is through direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of an infected animal. Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is also a risk factor. Human-to-human transmission can occur.
Vulnerability Mpox spreads rapidly and can cause one out of ten deaths if infected
Treatment and Vaccine There is no specific treatment or vaccine available for Monkeypox infection, but the European Union has recommended the Smallpox Vaccine, Imvanex.