Context: The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared an end to the global health emergency for mpox after 10 months.
WHO declared mpox as a public health emergency of international concern in July 2022 to combat the spread of the disease. The WHO recently also declared an end to the public health emergency status for COVID-19.
What is Global Health Emergency?
A global health emergency is a situation that poses a serious threat to public health on an international scale.
COVID-19 pandemic, the West African Ebola outbreak, and the Zika virus outbreak.
Three Criteria for declaring
1. The spread is an”Extraordinary Event,”
2. It “Constitutes a Public Health Risk” to other States through the international spread of disease
3. It “potentially requires a coordinated international response.”
Mpox (previously known as monkeypox) is a rare disease caused by a virus.
Origins and Nature
First identified in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo region
Symptoms of Monkeypox
Infected people break out in a rash that looks like chickenpox. Symptoms include fever, malaise, headache, and enlarged lymph glands
Transmission of Monkeypox
Primary infection is through direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of an infected animal. Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is also a risk factor. Human-to-human transmission can occur.
Mpox spreads rapidly and can cause one out of ten deaths if infected
Treatment and Vaccine
There is no specific treatment or vaccine available for Monkeypox infection, but the European Union has recommended the Smallpox Vaccine, Imvanex.