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Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: PIB


Context: The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) and the Ministry of Railways in India have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for ‘Station Area Development along Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail’ (Project-SMART)


Aim: To develop the areas surrounding the Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Railway (MAHSR) stations to improve the accessibility and convenience of commuters and promote economic activities in the vicinity of station areas.


About Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail (MAHSR):

InaugurationThe project was inaugurated in 2017


LocationFrom Sabarmati (Gujarat) to Bandra (Mumbai). It will pass through three districts in Maharashtra, eight in Gujarat and will cut through Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Implementing agencyNational High-Speed Rail Corporation (NHSRCL)
Distance508 KM
SignificanceIt is the first and only approved bullet train in India. HSR has an economic multiplier effect and is expected to further catalyze India’s economic growth and act as a stimulus for the development of satellite towns.
Technology Automatic train control, Undersea tunnel technology, E5 Series Shinkansen Technology, Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology
Challenges faced by the MAHSRChallenges in land acquisition, significant engineering challenges, and daily passenger requirements for the project to make investments even


NHSRCL (National High-Speed Rail Corporation Limited) is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) created in 2016 with the objective of financing, constructing, maintaining and managing the High-Speed Rail Corridor in India. The SPV has equity participation from the Central Government through the Ministry of Railways, as well as the governments of Gujarat and Maharashtra.