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Napier grass

Content for Mains Enrichment (CME)

Source: DTE

 Napier grass, also known as elephant grass, is a productive and versatile forage grass native to Africa and Southeast Asia. It is widely used as feed for livestock and in bioenergy applications.


Favourable properties for its use in bio-energy:

  • Energy output-to-input ratio of approximately 25:1
  • High yield
  • Ability to withstand drought conditions
  • An excellent feedstock for anaerobic digestion processes
  • it can be harvested 5-6 times annually
  • Short cycle: Its first harvest occurs four months after planting.


Napier grass is found in various parts of India, including Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala.


Usage: The example can be used in Geography/Economy/Environment questions for alternative energy sources.