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The socio-religious reform movements played a significant role in shaping modern India. The reforms brought about by these movements helped in creating a more inclusive and progressive society in India. Elucidate.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. The socio-religious reform movements played a significant role in shaping modern India. The reforms brought about by these movements helped in creating a more inclusive and progressive society in India. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how reforms movement were aimed at India society and their contributions.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning that the reform movement was a holistic socio-religious reform movement aimed revitalising our society and religion.

Body:

First, elaborate on features such as the movement focussed on aspects such as to bring in an enlightened society, removal of superstition, to establish a democratic society, to promote rationality and scientific temper etc. Mention steps taken by reforms to achieve these. Mention about the reformist movements and revivalist movements. Mention the major reformers of major religions.

Next, write about the contributions of the reform movements to modern India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that the same approach was carried forward by the national movement and was included in the vision of independent India.