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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 May 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Analyse the different risks that cultural heritage structures and monuments face in our country. What measures can be implemented to safeguard our cultural heritage? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article highlights the issue of damage to heritage sites in India due to neglect and human activities.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons as to why heritage is under threat and the need to safeguard India’s art heritage and the steps that need to be taken for the same.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain about what all is included in India’s art heritage – paintings, sculpture, monuments etc

Body:

First, highlight that preserving our heritage is enshrined as a fundamental duty

Next, Examine the threats to art heritage such as Lack of public awareness -This makes the local administrator break the buildings and replace it with other structures, Duplication of paintings and art forms, Theft, Vandalism and Smuggling etc. Discuss why it is crucial to safeguard such heritage such as maintaining identity and pride of our country, tourism etc

Next, Discuss the way forward such as – Strengthening institutions – Ministry of Culture, ASI, Museums, Archives, Cultural awareness programs etc

Conclusion:

Summarize on why this issue requires attention and what needs to be done.

 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. The socio-religious reform movements played a significant role in shaping modern India. The reforms brought about by these movements helped in creating a more inclusive and progressive society in India. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how reforms movement were aimed at India society and their contributions.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning that the reform movement was a holistic socio-religious reform movement aimed revitalising our society and religion.

Body:

First, elaborate on features such as the movement focussed on aspects such as to bring in an enlightened society, removal of superstition, to establish a democratic society, to promote rationality and scientific temper etc. Mention steps taken by reforms to achieve these. Mention about the reformist movements and revivalist movements. Mention the major reformers of major religions.

Next, write about the contributions of the reform movements to modern India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that the same approach was carried forward by the national movement and was included in the vision of independent India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. While there are some similarities between the Indian and British constitutions, the Indian and British constitutions differ significantly. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about similarities and differences between Indian constitution and British constitution.

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the legacy of British on the Indian constitution

Body:

In the first part, write about the major differences between Indian and British constitution. Written constitution, Nature of federation, Citizenship, Sovereign power, Judicial review etc.

Next, write about similarities between Indian and British constitution – Rule of Law, Independence of Judiciary, Parliamentary system etc,

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the major observations.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy.

4. What is the European Union’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)? Discuss its potential impact on Indian exports and suggest measures that India can take to mitigate this impact. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the European Union’s (EU) Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) and its potential impact on India’s exports.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about CBAM, its potential impact on exports and measures needed to mitigate it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by defining CBAM and objective behind its imposition.

Body:

In the first part, write the about the potential impact of CBAM on India exports – affect carbon-intensive sectors such as steel, cement, and aluminium. make goods more expensive in the EU market, potentially reducing demand and harming Indian producers, trade disputes between India and the EU etc.

Next, write about the steps India must take to mitigate its impact – reducing carbon emissions, engaging in dialogue with the EU, and exploring alternative markets.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. What is Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)? Although EPR is still in its early stages in India, the main problem with it is the absence of responsibility on the part of producers and insufficient enforcement by regulatory bodies. Do you think that implementing EPR in the oil sector can improve circularity in India’s waste oil management? Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The article discusses the concept of extended producer responsibility (EPR) and how it can be used to improve circularity in India’s waste oil management.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about EPR, its shortcomings and its applicability to oil sector.

Directive:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by defining EPR.

Body:

In the first part, write the about the objectives of EPR – better waste management, reducing burden on municipalities, integration of environmental costs, design of environmentally sound products. Write about EPR being in its nascent state.

Next, write about the shortcomings of EPR and suggest ways to make it effectives. Give examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the applicability of EPR to oil sector. Write about its pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Kindness is the sunshine in which virtue grows.” – Robert Green Ingersoll

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Bring out the link between virtue and kindness. Mention that kindness is the virtue of wise men. Substantiate using examples how people with true wisdom understand the importance of being kind and develop virtues.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Happiness is not having what you want. It is wanting what you have.” – Hyman Schachtel

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about need of various interpretation of being happy

Next, using examples mention how in order to be happier than others we end up being unhappy. Cite examples like wealth, power, status, social media fame etc.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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