Facts for Prelims (FFP)
Context: The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) in India has been renamed the National Programme for Prevention & Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NP-NCD) due to the addition of new diseases and health initiatives.
- It has been renamed to subsume all types of NCDs.
- Also, Comprehensive Primary Healthcare Non-Communicable Disease (CPHC NCD IT) system has been renamed as the National NCD Portal
What is non-communicable disease?
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a group of chronic medical conditions that are not caused by infectious agents and cannot be transmitted from one person to another but are caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.
- g., cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and mental disorders.
|Aim||NPCDCS was launched in 2010 with a focus on strengthening infrastructure, human resource development, health promotion, early diagnosis, management and referral of common non-communicable diseases (NCDs) under the National Health Mission|
|Management||NCD Cells are being established at the National, State and District levels for programme management.
NCD Clinics are also being set up at District and Community Health Centres (CHC) levels to provide services for early diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up for common NCDs.
|Other measures to control NCD||WHO’s Global action plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2020 to 2030; Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) Deendayal outlet, Jan Aushadhi stores|