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Analyse the findings of the water census conducted by India’s Ministry of Jal Shakti and discuss the factors responsible for the depletion of water resources in India.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Analyse the findings of the water census conducted by India’s Ministry of Jal Shakti and discuss the factors responsible for the depletion of water resources in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the findings of the water census conducted by India’s Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the major findings of water census, present status of water bodies, major factors for their depletion.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the major findings of water census.

Next, write about the current status of water resources – current status of water bodies in India, including rivers, lakes, ponds, wetlands, and groundwater resources etc.

Next, write factors responsible for depletion of water resources – including encroachment and destruction due to urbanization and industrialization, pollution, climate change, and inadequate water management policies.

Next, write about the steps that must be taken in order to overcome the above issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.