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Northern Lights In India

 Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TOI


Context: The Indian Institute of Astrophysics in Bengaluru recently captured a rare occurrence of aurora in Ladakh, India, on camera. This is the first time that such an occurrence has been witnessed in Ladakh


About Aurora:

Auroras, also known as polar lights, are a natural phenomenon that occurs in the high-latitude regions of the Earth’s atmosphere, particularly in the Arctic and Antarctic regions.
CauseAuroras occur when charged particles from the Sun collide with gases in the Earth’s atmosphere, producing a display of light in various colours, shapes, and patterns in the high-latitude regions of the Earth.
LocationHigh-latitude regions (Arctic and Antarctic)
ColourMilky greenish (can also show red, blue, violet, pink, and white)
North PoleAurora Borealis/Northern Lights are visible from the US (Alaska), Canada, Iceland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden & Finland.
South PoleAurora Australis/Southern Lights visible from Antarctica, Chile, Argentina, New Zealand & Australia.
Other planetsAuroras can occur on other planets if they have an atmosphere and magnetic field. Recently, discrete auroras were observed on Mars by the HOPE spacecraft.