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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS : Tread a new path, one that prioritizes social justice             



Source: The Hindu


  • Prelims: Covid-19, G20, SDGs, ILO, Declaration of Philadelphia etc
  • Mains GS Paper II & IV: Government policies and interventions for development of various sectors, weaker sections of society and interventions for their development etc



  • May 1 is known as Labour Day, a day when the world celebrates the contribution of workers worldwide.



International Labour Day:

  • The day is observed as an occasion to commemorate the contributions of laborers and the working class.
  • The International Labour Organization, a United Nations agency, works towards setting international labor standards.
  • India: The first Labour’s Day was celebrated in 1923 in Chennai.
    • This day was observed by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan.


Constitutional Provisions Related to Labour:

  • Article 14 commands the State to treat any person equally before the law.
  • Article (19) (1) (c) grants citizens the right to form associations or unions.
  • Article 21 promises protection of life and personal liberty.
  • Article 23 prohibits forced labor.
  • Article 24 prohibits employment of children below the age of fourteen years.
  • Article 39(a) provides that the State shall secure to its citizens equal right to an adequate means of livelihood.
  • Article 41 provides that within the limits of its economic capacity the State shall secure the Right to work and education.
  • Article 42 instructs the State to make provisions for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.
  • Article 43 orders the State to secure a living wage, decent conditions of work and social and cultural opportunities to all workers through legislation or economic organization.
  • Article 43A provides for the participation of workers in Management of Industries through legislation.


Legal Provisions:

These three Bills are:

  • Social Security Code, 2020.
  • Code on Occupational Safety, Health & Working Conditions Code, 2020
  • Industrial Relations Code, 2020


Current Issues:

  • Real wages have fallen
  • poverty is rising
  • inequality seems more entrenched than ever.
  • Enterprises have been hard hit.
    • Small and micro-enterprises were particularly affected, and many have ceased operations.
  • People feel that the sacrifices they made to get through COVID-19 have not been recognised
  • A perceived lack of opportunities.


What steps need to be taken?

  • Policies and actions must be human-centered, to allow people to pursue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, economic security and equal opportunity.
    • It was set out and agreed when International Labour Organization’s international membership signed the Declaration of Philadelphia, in 1944
  • Set guiding principles for our economic and social systems, that they should not be turned exclusively to hitting specific growth rates or other statistical targets, but to address human needs and aspirations.
    • That is, Focusing on inequality, poverty alleviation and core social protection.
  • Providing quality jobs so that people can support themselves and build their own futures — ‘Decent Work for All’, as Sustainable Development Goal 8 terms it.
  • Realistically addressing the long-term structural transformations of our time
  • Ensuring that new technology creates and supports employment
  • Pro-actively facing the challenges of climate change
  • Ensuring to offer the jobs, skills training and transition support necessary for workers and businesses to benefit from the new low-carbon era
  • Treating demographic changes as a ‘dividend’ rather than a problem
    • With supporting action on skills
    • Migration and social protection
    • To create more cohesive and resilient societies.
  • Reassess and refashion the architecture of our social and economic systems, so that they support this change of course towards social justice, rather than continuing to channel us into a policy ‘doom loop’ of inequality and instability.
  • Reinvigorate labor institutions and organizations so that social dialogue is effective and vigorous.
  • Review laws and regulations affecting the world of work, so that they are relevant and up-to-date and able to protect workers and support sustainable businesses.


Way Forward

  • The promises of renewal made during the pandemic, of ‘building back better’, have so far not been delivered for the great majority of workers worldwide.
  • Recommit to international cooperation and solidarity:We must enhance our efforts and create greater policy coherence, particularly within the multilateral system, as the Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, calls it.
  • Need for a Global Coalition for Social Justice:This coalition will create a platform to bring together a broad range of international bodies and stakeholders.
    • It will position social justice as the keystone of the global recovery, so that it is prioritized in national, regional and global policies and actions.
    • It will ensure that our future is human-centered.



Constitutional Morality’ is rooted in the Constitution itself and is founded on its essential facets. Explain the doctrine of ‘Constitutional Morality’ with the help of relevant judicial decisions. (UPSC 2021) (200 WORDS, 10 MARKS)