Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);
1. Discuss the current status of water bodies in India, and what are the major issues affecting their distribution and utilization? (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The article discusses the distribution and utilization of water bodies in India. It highlights that India has a vast network of water bodies, but their distribution is uneven across the country.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the present status of water bodies, major issues affecting their distribution and utilisation.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by giving context of water resources. Cite statistics.
First, write about the current status of water resources – current status of water bodies in India, including rivers, lakes, ponds, wetlands, and groundwater resources etc.
Next, write about the various issues in the above – including encroachment and destruction due to urbanization and industrialization, pollution, climate change, and inadequate water management policies.
Next, write about the steps that must be taken in order to overcome the above issues.
Conclude by writing a way forward.