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As urbanization and population growth increase, so does the amount of municipal solid waste produced, leading to a surge in unsanitary landfills that cause severe hazards. Examine.

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies

1. As urbanization and population growth increase, so does the amount of municipal solid waste produced, leading to a surge in unsanitary landfills that cause severe hazards. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India 

Why the question:

The fire outbreaks at Brahmapuram dumpsite in Kochi, Kerala have caught national attention.

Key Demand of the question:

To write issues with respect increased dumping of wastes in landfills and remedies for better waste management.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a statistic about increasing municipal solid waste with the increasing rate of urbanisation.

Body:

First, write the problems associated with waste management in India at landfills: Leaching of chemicals, spread of diseases, release of poisonous and toxic gages, fires, serious health and environmental hazards to the people etc.

Next, suggest strategies to deal with solid waste so that it may prove a resource instead of waste.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.