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What are the security challenges posed by Maoist violence and the impact on the affected regions and populations? Evaluate the government’s counter-insurgency strategies and suggest measures to address the root causes of the insurgency and bring long-term stability to the affected regions.

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security

5. What are the security challenges posed by Maoist violence and the impact on the affected regions and populations? Evaluate the government’s counter-insurgency strategies and suggest measures to address the root causes of the insurgency and bring long-term stability to the affected regions. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

Ten security personnel returning from a counter-insurgency operation and a civilian driver were killed when the vehicle they were travelling in was blown up by Maoists, in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada on Wednesday afternoon, according to State police.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges posed by Maoism and government’s counter-insurgency measures but the need for further vigil and action to successfully overcome it.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing stats about the trends of Maoism and Maoist violence.

Body:

First, write the about the challenges posed by Maoist insurgency to internal security of India. Write how the Naxalist movement still remains a potent threat to the internal security of India in the various ways. Cite examples and data to substantiate your points.

Next, write about various measures taken by the government to tackle Maoist violence, successes and limitations of the same.

Next, suggest various measures that are further required to tackle this issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward on taking a multi-pronged approach to defeat Maoism.