Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
4. The tea industry in India is facing several challenges, leading to a decrease in tea production and lower yields of tea leaves. Discuss the problems faced by the tea industry and suggest measures to overcome them. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
Highlighting a spike in cost of production and a decline in crop in Darjeeling and the Dooars region of West Bengal, the tea industry has urged the Commerce Ministry to declare a floor price for tea.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the issues with tea production and measures needed to overcome them.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by briefly citing statistics regarding the extent of tea production in India and India’s share in global market.
First, write about the importance tea industry.
Next, write about the various issues in the tea industry – archaic laws, labour issues, pesticides, lack of standards etc.
Next, write about the measures that are required – draft Tea (Promotion and Development) Bill, overcoming labour issues, supply chain bottlenecks etc.
Conclude by writing a way forward.