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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 April 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. What are the various natural and human-caused factors contributing to the rise in global sea levels? Analyse their potential long-term impacts on coastal communities and ecosystems. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HindiInsights on India

Why the question:

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has found in a new report that the world’s sea level is rising at an unprecedented rate, portending potentially disastrous consequences for the weather, agriculture, the extant groundwater crisis, and social disparities.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes and impact of sea level rise.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding the rise of sea level due to global warming.

Body:

First, write about the various natural and man-made causes for rise sea level – thermal expansion of seawater, melting of glaciers and ice caps, loss of ice shelves and ice sheets, and land subsidence.

Next, write about its impact – coastal erosion, flooding, saltwater intrusion, damage to crops and biodiversity, and displacement of people.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to mitigate the impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. Explain the meaning of “fraternity” as it appears in the preamble of our Constitution and why the founding fathers included it. Do you believe that the concept of fraternity is more important now than ever before in our country? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly. The idea was initially proposed in December 1934 by M.N. Roy, a pioneer of the Communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democracy. It became an official demand of the Indian National Congress in 1935 and was officially adopted in the Lucknow session in April 1936 presided by Jawaharlal Nehru, who also drafted the Objectives Resolution. The proceedings of the Constituent Assembly show the richness of ideas that characterised it. The Drafting Committee was presided over by B.R. Ambedkar.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain Fraternity and the reasons as to why it was included in the constitution and to comment on its relevance in the present day.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining Fraternity.

Body:

Write about how Fraternity mentioned in the constitution has been interpreted in India. Fading of divisions of caste and religion, ideology of friendship, mutual respect, despite all our differences, of religious belief, caste, language, culture, ethnicity, class and gender which leads to unity of the nation.

Mention the reasons why constitutional makers chose to include Fraternity in our preamble. Especially the arguments of Dr B.R Ambedkar in this context.

Write about the relevance of fraternity in the present day, especially in the times of pandemic. striving for a just and humane society, collective caring, social protection and reducing intolerance and communalism etc.

Conclusion:

Summarise the importance of Fraternity as the conclusion.

 

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3. The structural inadequacy of the UN system is reflected in its shortcomings. Unless there are comprehensive reforms to the UN’s structure and democratization in decision-making, the UN’s effectiveness and relevance may decline over time. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

With another year of meetings on reforming the United Nations — and particularly the question of the expansion of the Security Council — coming to a close in June, India lashed out at the U.N. system with its most scathing attack thus far.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues with the UN system, its implications and reforms needed in it.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the role of UN system in maintaining global multilateral order.

Body:

First, write about the various shortcomings in the UN system and how it is the manifestation of the structural adequacy of the UN.

Next, write about the various negative the above-mentioned shortcomings and substantiate them with examples.

Next, write about the measures that can be taken to address the above-mentioned shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4. The tea industry in India is facing several challenges, leading to a decrease in tea production and lower yields of tea leaves. Discuss the problems faced by the tea industry and suggest measures to overcome them. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Highlighting a spike in cost of production and a decline in crop in Darjeeling and the Dooars region of West Bengal, the tea industry has urged the Commerce Ministry to declare a floor price for tea.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues with tea production and measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by briefly citing statistics regarding the extent of tea production in India and India’s share in global market.

Body:

First, write about the importance tea industry.

Next, write about the various issues in the tea industry – archaic laws, labour issues, pesticides, lack of standards etc.

Next, write about the measures that are required – draft Tea (Promotion and Development) Bill, overcoming labour issues, supply chain bottlenecks etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security

5. What are the security challenges posed by Maoist violence and the impact on the affected regions and populations? Evaluate the government’s counter-insurgency strategies and suggest measures to address the root causes of the insurgency and bring long-term stability to the affected regions. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

Ten security personnel returning from a counter-insurgency operation and a civilian driver were killed when the vehicle they were travelling in was blown up by Maoists, in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada on Wednesday afternoon, according to State police.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges posed by Maoism and government’s counter-insurgency measures but the need for further vigil and action to successfully overcome it.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing stats about the trends of Maoism and Maoist violence.

Body:

First, write the about the challenges posed by Maoist insurgency to internal security of India. Write how the Naxalist movement still remains a potent threat to the internal security of India in the various ways. Cite examples and data to substantiate your points.

Next, write about various measures taken by the government to tackle Maoist violence, successes and limitations of the same.

Next, suggest various measures that are further required to tackle this issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward on taking a multi-pronged approach to defeat Maoism.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: dimensions of ethics;

6. True wealth is not measured by material possessions or luxury, but by the contentment and happiness that come from within. Elaborate.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining contentment.

Body:

Write about the how contentment is natural wealth and importance of contentment. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about Luxury is artificial poverty and how running behind riches of life will not lead to satisfaction. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: corporate governance.

7. Corporate governance in India is full of loopholes and is toothless to prevent corrupt and unethical practises. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about shortcomings of corporate governance in India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining corporate governance.

Body:

Write about the various limitations and shortcomings of corporate governance – frequent scams, lack of transparency, absences of accountability, corruption etc. Give recent examples like Yes bank, NSE scam.

Suggest steps to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


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