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Sri Ramanujacharya and Adi Shankaracharya

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: PIB

 Context: Prime Minister has paid tributes to Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya and Sri Ramanujacharya on his birth anniversary and on his Jayanti.

 

Comparison of Adi Shankaracharya and Sri Ramanujacharya:

Adi ShankaracharyaSri Ramanujacharya
Birth and LifetimeBorn in 788 CE in Kaladi, Kerala, and passed away in 820 CE

Born in 1017 CE in Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, and passed away in 1137 CE

PhilosophyAdvaita Vedanta (Non-Dualism)Vishishtadvaita Vedanta (Qualified Non-Dualism)
Interpretation of VedasArgued that the ultimate reality is Brahman and that the universe is an illusion (Maya)Argued that Brahman is the ultimate reality, but also that the universe is real and a manifestation of Brahman
Approach to GodEmphasized the importance of renunciation and meditation to realize the ultimate realityEmphasized devotion (bhakti) to achieve union with the divine
ScripturesEmphasized the importance of the Upanishads and the Brahma SutrasEmphasized the importance of the Bhagavad Gita and the Divya Prabandham
InfluenceRevived Hinduism and helped unify various philosophical schools of thought. Founded four mathas (monasteries) in India.Popularized devotion to Vishnu and helped revive the Bhakti movement in India.
Key WorksVivekachudamani, Upadesa Sahasri, and commentaries on the Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, and Brahma SutrasSri Bhashya, Vedanta Sara, and commentary on the Bhagavad Gita
LegacyConsidered one of the most influential thinkers in Indian philosophy. His teachings have had a profound impact on Indian intellectual and spiritual life.His teachings have had a significant impact on the development of the Bhakti movement and South Indian culture. He is widely regarded as a saint and his legacy continues to inspire devotion to Vishnu.
StatueA 12-foot statue of Adi Shankaracharya at Kedarnath (Uttarakhand)Statue of Equality on the outskirts of Hyderabad, Telangana

 

Prelims Links:

  1. Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?

(a) Mimamsa and Vedanta

(b) Nyaya and Vaisheshika

(c) Lokayata and Kapalika

(d) Sankhya and Yoga

 

Answer: C