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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 April 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Discuss the information provided by the Uttaramerur inscription regarding the self-government enjoyed by the Chola villages of medieval India.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The Uttaramerur inscription is excellent inscriptional evidence of local democracy and administration during the time of the Cholas.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Chola local self-governing villages. 

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of Uttaramerur inscription.

Body:

First, write in detail, the features of Chola local self-governing villages – various qualifications, disqualifications, committees and their natures of responsibilities.

Next, write about the level of autonomy enjoyed by these Chola local self-governing villages. 

Next, write about the significance of Chola local self-governing villages. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. The Basic Structure Doctrine acts as a safeguard against potential threats to constitutional democracy in India. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article argues that the Basic Structure Doctrine, which holds that certain fundamental features of the Constitution cannot be amended, played a crucial role in preventing the erosion of fundamental rights during the Emergency in India in the 1970s.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of doctrine of basic structure and its criticism.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

To write about the importance of doctrine of basic structure.

Body:

First, write about the various features of doctrine of basic structure – rule of law, parliamentary form of government, secularism etc.

Next, write about how the above is important in upholding the supremacy of the Constitution and preventing authoritarian rule by a single party.

Next, write a critique of the basic structure doctrine.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. India is admired for its reputation and ability to harness all its resources in rescuing every single citizen in any corner of the world, every time they are in need. Elaborate on the measures that can be taken to strengthen and modernize rescue services to improve coordination and communication among various agencies in rescue operations. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

As India’s “Operation Kaveri”, launched to evacuate Indians stuck inside war-torn Sudan is underway, the government is making the most of a 72-hour ceasefire window to bring out about 3,000 civilians.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s reputation in rescuing its citizens from conflict and measures needed to further strengthen it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In brief, write about the major achievements of India in rescue operations. Cite examples from current conflict in Sudan and previous conflicts and operations launched in order to rescue citizens.

Next, write about the various issues faced in the above and the need to modernise rescue operations. Write about the steps that are needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

4. Discuss the factors responsible for the decline of out-of-pocket expenditure and the impact of this trend on the overall healthcare system in India. Suggest measures to further reduce the financial burden on individuals for healthcare expenses. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

According to a report, the out-of-pocket expenditure as a percentage of total health costs in India decreased from around 62% in 2014-15 to 47% in 2019-2020. This indicates a positive trend towards decreasing financial burden on individuals for healthcare expenses.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for decline in out-of-pocket expenditure and further measures needed to reduce the financial burden.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving statistics related to reduction in out-of-pocket expenditure.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for decline in out-of-pocket expenditure – implementation of government-funded health insurance schemes and increased public spending on healthcare, equitable healthcare system etc.

Next, write about further steps that can be taken in this regard – improving the quality and accessibility of public healthcare services, exploring innovative financing mechanisms, and focusing on preventive healthcare measures etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. Throw light on Darwin’s evolution theory and its significance. Also, write a criticism of the theory. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Expresseducation.nationalgeographic.org

Why the question:

The article argues that removing the concept of evolution from NCERT textbooks in India is a disservice to children as it denies them the opportunity to learn that change is an opportunity.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about Darwin’s theory, its significance and criticism.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining Darwin’s evolution theory.

Body:

Firstly, in detail, mention the various aspects of the theory and explain them with examples.

Next, write about the significance of the theory – development of complex biological structures and diverse species on Earth through gradual changes over time. It has transformed our understanding of the natural world and has practical applications in various fields etc.

Next, write the various criticism of the theory – gaps in the fossil record or religious and philosophical objections.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.”  – Aristotle

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about difference that people say one thing and do not follow it up with action. Mentions that practising what one preaches is the hallmark of one’s character. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Truth is ever to be found in simplicity, and not in the multiplicity and confusion of things.” – Isaac Newton

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning about importance of truth.

Body:

Write about facts can be manipulated and manufactures to suits the narrative. Give examples of justify your points. Mention that despite facts may point to different things generally the truth is only one.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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