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National Panchayati Raj Day

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source:  PIB


Context: The Ministry of Panchayati Raj, in collaboration with the Government of Madhya Pradesh, is celebrating National Panchayati Raj Day (NPRD) on 24th April 2023

  • On this day PM will launch an integrated e-GramSwaraj, distribute SVAMITVA property cards to select beneficiaries and launch the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav Campaign for the theme “Inclusive Development” – “Samaaveshi Vikas”.


About National Panchayati Raj Day:

Name National Panchayati Raj Day
Date 24th April
Started in 2010
Purpose To commemorate the enactment of the 73rd amendment of the Constitution, which established Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in India
Background The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 constitutionalized PRI to build democracy at the grassroots level and was entrusted with the task of rural development in the country
Awards Presented on this day Deen Dayal Upadhyay Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar; Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar; Child-friendly Gram Panchayat Award; Gram Panchayat Development Plan Award, and e-Panchayat Puraskar (given to States/UTs only)
Salient Features The three-tier system of panchayats at the village; Seats reserved for SCs and STs in proportion to their population; One-third of the total number of seats reserved for women; Uniform five-year term for Panchayats; Power of Panchayats to prepare plans for economic development and social justice in respect of subjects illustrated in Eleventh Schedule
About eGramSwaraj Portal It is a user-friendly web-based portal that unifies the planning, accounting, and monitoring of Infrastructure projects and the functions of Gram Panchayats
About Swamitva programme It involves mapping rural housing and land holdings via technology including drones.


Prelims Links:

Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in (UPSC 2017)

(a) Federalism
(b) Democratic decentralisation
(c) Administrative delegation
(d) Direct democracy


Ans: B


Consider the following statements: (UPSC 2016)

  1. The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 25 years.
  2. A Panchayat reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder period.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Ans: B