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Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH

 Context: West Bengal recently notified four more biodiversity heritage sites (BHS), taking the tally in the state to eight.


  • The four new sites are Char Balidanga and the state Horticulture Research and Development Station campus in Deypara — both in Nadia, Namthing Pokhar in Darjeeling and the Amkhoi Fossil Park in Birbhum.


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Context: The ₹300 crores Chengalpattu Botanical Garden (in Tamil Nadu) is being planned across 138 hectares. It will be India’s largest botanical garden. 

What are Botanical Gardens?

Botanical gardens are outdoor spaces dedicated to the cultivation and display of a wide variety of plants. The oldest of the Indian Botanic gardens called the Acharya Jagadish Chandra (AJC) Bose Indian Botanic Garden, in Howrah was established in 1787.

About Botanical Survey of India

The Botanical Survey of India (est. 1890; under MoEFCC; HQ: Kolkata) is a premier organization in India responsible for undertaking scientific research and documentation of the country’s plant diversity.