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Mangrove pitta bird

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

Source: TH

 Context: A census of mangrove pitta birds was conducted in two coastal districts of Odisha, India, where the nearly threatened species is found.

  • A total of 179 individual mangrove pitta birds were counted, with the highest concentration found in the mangroves near the Mahipura river mouth inside the Bhitarkanika National Park.
About Mangrove Pitta birdThe mangrove pitta is a species of passerine bird in the family Pittidae native to the eastern Indian Subcontinent and western Southeast Asia.
Scientific namePitta megharencha

Conservation statusNear Threatened
HabitatCoastal mangrove forests in Eastern India
CharacteristicsForages on the ground and rests on trees
First census locationCoastal mangrove patches in Kendrapara and Jagatsinghpur districts, Odisha, India


About Bhitarkanika National Park 


Bhitarkanika National Park is the second-largest Mangrove ecosystem in India. It is inundated with waters from rivers Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra and Patasala forming a unique ecosystem. It is the breeding place for the Salt Water Crocodiles. The Gahirmatha Beach which forms the boundary of the sanctuary in the east is the largest colony of the Olive Ridley Sea Turtles.